An illegal puppy farm is a cruel, high-volume dog breeding factory that breeds puppies for profit while neglecting the needs of the puppies and their moms. Puppy mill dogs are frequently unwell and unsocialized. Online classified advertisements, internet sales, flea markets, and pet stores are frequent ways puppy mills sell their puppies.
Continue reading to discover more about puppy farms, including why they’re illegal, how to tell a puppy mill apart from a reputable breeder, and more.
Table of Contents
- What is Illegal Puppy Farming?
- Are All Puppy Farms Illegal?
- What Are the Problems with Puppy Farms?
- Are Backyard Breeders the Same as Puppy Farms?
- How To Identify an Illegal Puppy Farm from a Reputable Breeder?
- How Do Responsible Breeders Differ from Illegal Puppy Mills?
What is Illegal Puppy Farming?
A puppy farm is a place where pups are continuously bred and sold. They are maintained in deplorable conditions because breeders are more concerned with profit than with their health and pleasure. They are not the same as renowned breeders.
Generally, respectable breeders would only breed one or two breeds at a time, and they will prioritize the health of their puppies and moms over a rapid profit. Puppy farms typically have considerably more breeds available than this, and puppies from puppy farms can be sick, causing grief for the unwary people who adopt them.
Why Do People Puppy Farm if it’s Illegal?
Since puppies can cost upwards of thousands of dollars these days, some think dog breeding is a quick way to make easy cash. These people would be incredibly wrong. Since breeding dogs takes much time, effort, patience, love and care, not just anyone can do it.
Newborn pups require specialized care and, if not tended to correctly, can result in long-term health problems. This is why puppy farming is illegal. If someone begins breeding dogs with the intentions of only profit in mind, the health of their dogs will suffer.
Are All Puppy Farms Illegal?
It’s crucial to understand that puppy mills aren’t always unlawful. In many jurisdictions around the United Stated, a breeding kennel can keep hundreds of dogs in cages for the duration of their lives as long as they are fed, watered, and provided shelter.
When there is evidence of animal abuse, the Humane Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals works with local law enforcement to shut down puppy mills. While the Humane Society opposes puppy mills, it is unable to shut down or raid legitimate enterprises.
The Humane Society is neither a government entity nor a law enforcement or regulatory body.
What Are the Problems with Puppy Farms?
Breeding Dogs Are Often Abused and Regarded as Property
On puppy farms, most mother dogs spend their whole lives in small cages with minimal to no human contact. When the mother and father dogs are no longer capable of reproducing, they are either abandoned or killed.
Both the mothers and the puppies utilized in puppy farming are kept in dirty, inhumane circumstances. They’ll often be confined to limited space and forced to fend for themselves, with no access to freshwater or space to defecate.
Puppies Are Not Adequately Taken Care Of
On puppy farms, puppies and breeding animals are kept in deplorable circumstances. Dogs are frequently kept in unclean and overcrowded conditions.
Puppy mill pups usually suffer from a range of health conditions resulting from overbreeding, inadequate sanitation and a lack of preventative veterinarian treatment, posing devastating obstacles for families who should be experiencing the joys of adopting a new family member.
As a result of not being socialized and being kept in settings that do not fulfil their requirements, these dogs can develop a variety of health and behavioural issues.
Puppy Mills Affect Breed Quality
Puppy mills not only hurt individual dogs, but they also affect the breeds they generate. Puppy mills typically breed puppies with no concern for genetic quality because they are focused on generating money.
As a result, puppies are more likely to have congenital and inherited illnesses such as heart disease and respiratory problems.
Are Backyard Breeders the Same as Puppy Farms?
Unfortunately, since profit motivates backyard breeders, they are considered just as bad as puppy farms. The classifieds are brimming with ads from unscrupulous breeders. Backyard breeders may appear as your friendly next-door neighbour.
In reality, even well-intentioned breeders may treat their breeding pairs like family pets. However, constantly breeding animals for years in order to generate litters for business puts the animals’ wellbeing in jeopardy.
Some backyard breeders may only breed their family dog once in a while, but they are typically unaware of proper breeding practices, such as genetic flaw screening. Breeding responsibly and correctly includes much more than merely mating two dogs.
Backyard breeders and puppy farms generally do not provide sufficient veterinary care to their animals since profit is prioritized over animal welfare. Animals may appear to be in good condition at first but subsequently develop problems such as congenital eye and hip deformities, parasites, or even the fatal Parvovirus.
How To Identify an Illegal Puppy Farm from a Reputable Breeder?
It’s possible that the puppy you’re adopting comes from a puppy mill, and you’re just not aware of it. Many internet vendors and commercial pet businesses that sell animals provide documents that can be quite persuasive as “evidence” of humane sourcing.
However, there is no legal definition of a “puppy mill,” and no organization regulates puppy sales. Even if a merchant says that their puppies originate from humane sources, they are almost certainly from puppy mills.
You may be dealing with a puppy farm if you can pick up your puppy before eight weeks of age or if the breeder has various purebred dogs or “designer” hybrid breeds available.
How Do Responsible Breeders Differ from Illegal Puppy Mills?
Responsible breeders provide their pets with a healthy, caring environment, and they look for the same qualities in a new family for their puppies. Responsible dog breeders will not only introduce you to the puppy’s parents and show you around their home, but they will also explain the puppy’s medical history and provide contact information for the veterinarian.
Reputable breeders will not have pups available all year and may maintain a waiting list of potential buyers.
Expect a professional breeder to inquire about your family’s lifestyle, why you want this particular puppy, how you plan to care for and teach it, and so on. Since well-bred puppies are in high demand, respectable breeders can pick and choose which applicants and families to place their puppies with.
My name is Ken and I’m one of the staff writers at Petloverguy.com. I’ve cared for pets most of my life starting with hamsters, turtles, and snakes. Then moving up to parakeets, guinea pigs, and even ducks.
I currently live with two yorkies and a chihuahua mix.