My Dog Ate Birth Control: Steps to Take Now

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If you’re a dog owner, you’re probably aware of the many potential hazards your furry friend can encounter. One of these dangers is ingesting human medication, including birth control pills. While it’s not common for dogs to eat birth control pills, it can happen, and it’s important to know what to do if it does.

Birth control pills contain hormones that prevent pregnancy, and these hormones can have adverse effects on dogs. Depending on the amount ingested, your dog may experience symptoms ranging from mild stomach upset to more severe complications. It’s crucial to act quickly and seek veterinary care if you suspect your dog has eaten birth control pills.

Understanding Birth Control Pills

When it comes to birth control, pills are one of the most commonly used methods. Birth control pills are a type of medication that contains hormones to prevent pregnancy. They work by stopping ovulation, which is the release of an egg from the ovaries.

There are two types of birth control pills: combination pills and progestin-only pills. Combination pills contain both estrogen and progestin hormones, while progestin-only pills contain only progestin.

It’s important to note that birth control pills do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If you’re sexually active, it’s important to use condoms in addition to birth control pills to reduce your risk of STIs.

It’s also important to take birth control pills as directed. Missing pills or taking them at different times can decrease their effectiveness. If you miss a pill, refer to the instructions that come with your medication or speak with your healthcare provider.


Potential Risks When Dogs Ingest Birth Control

When your dog ingests birth control, there are potential risks that you should be aware of. These risks include:

  • Hormonal Imbalance: Birth control contains hormones that can cause a hormonal imbalance in your dog, leading to symptoms such as lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Digestive Issues: Birth control can cause digestive issues in dogs, such as stomach upset, bloating, and constipation.
  • Reproductive Issues: In female dogs, birth control can affect the reproductive system, leading to issues such as infertility and irregular heat cycles.
  • Toxicity: Some types of birth control, such as those containing estrogen, can be toxic to dogs and can cause serious health issues such as liver damage and blood clots.

It’s important to seek veterinary care immediately if you suspect your dog has ingested birth control. Your vet can assess the situation and provide appropriate treatment to minimize the risks to your dog’s health.

Immediate Actions to Take

If your dog has ingested birth control, it is important to act quickly. Here are some immediate actions you should take:

  1. Call your veterinarian: Contact your vet and let them know what happened. They will be able to advise you on the best course of action based on your dog’s size, weight, and the type of birth control they ingested.
  2. Monitor your dog: Keep a close eye on your dog’s behavior and symptoms. If they start to show signs of distress, such as vomiting, diarrhea, or seizures, seek emergency veterinary care immediately.
  3. Do not induce vomiting: Unlike with some other types of poisoning, inducing vomiting is not recommended in cases of birth control ingestion. This is because the hormones in the medication can cause serious damage to the esophagus and stomach lining if they are regurgitated.
  4. Collect the packaging: If possible, collect any packaging or pills that your dog may have left behind. This can help your veterinarian determine the type and amount of medication your dog ingested.

Remember, time is of the essence when it comes to treating birth control ingestion in dogs. If you suspect that your dog has ingested birth control, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Symptoms to Watch Out For

Physical Symptoms

If your dog has ingested birth control, you may notice some physical symptoms. These symptoms may include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, loss of appetite, or abdominal pain. You may also notice your dog drinking more water than usual or urinating more frequently. If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s important to contact your veterinarian immediately.

Behavioral Changes

In addition to physical symptoms, you may also notice some behavioral changes in your dog. Your dog may become more restless or anxious than usual. They may also become more vocal or agitated. If you notice any of these behavioral changes, it’s important to contact your veterinarian right away.

It’s important to note that not all dogs will exhibit symptoms after ingesting birth control. Some dogs may not show any signs at all, while others may experience severe symptoms. If you suspect that your dog has ingested birth control, it’s important to contact your veterinarian immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment.


  • American Kennel Club (AKC)
  • Pet Poison Helpline

Veterinary Treatment Options

If your dog ate birth control, it’s important to seek veterinary treatment immediately. Here are some options your vet may recommend:

  • Inducing vomiting: If your dog ate the birth control within the last two hours, your vet may induce vomiting to bring it back up.
  • Activated charcoal: Your vet may administer activated charcoal to help absorb any remaining birth control in your dog’s system.
  • IV fluids: Your dog may need to receive IV fluids to help flush out any remaining birth control in their system.
  • Monitoring: Your vet may recommend monitoring your dog’s vital signs and behavior to ensure they are recovering properly.

Remember, it’s important to always consult with your veterinarian before giving your dog any medication, including birth control. Sources: ASPCA, VCA Hospitals.

Preventive Measures

To avoid your dog eating birth control, you should keep it out of reach. Store it in a secure location, such as a cabinet or drawer.

If you have a dog that is prone to getting into things, consider using a child-proof container or storing the pills in a high location.

Make sure to dispose of any unused or expired medication properly. Flushing medication down the toilet can contaminate water sources.

If you have any concerns or questions about your pet’s health, consult your veterinarian. They can provide guidance on how to keep your pet safe and healthy.


  • American Veterinary Medical Association. (n.d.). “Pet Poison Prevention.”
  • Pet Poison Helpline. (n.d.). “Birth Control Poisoning in Dogs.”

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