People often wonder if it’s safe for their cats to eat fish. The answer is both yes and no. While most cats can eat fish without any problems, there are a few types of fish that may be harmful to them.
In this blog post, we’ll explore the different types of fish that are safe for cats to eat and those that aren’t. We’ll also look at some tips for feeding your cat fish safely.
So, whether you’re looking to add a little variety to your cat’s diet or you’re just curious about what’s safe for them to eat, keep reading!
Table of Contents
- Can Cats Eat Fish?
- Do Cats Eat Fish in The Wild?
- Benefits of Fish for Cats
- Risks of Fish for Cats
- Hyperthyroidism in Cats Due to Fish
- Fish in Commercial Cat Foods
- Microplastics in Fish
- Fish Allergies in Cats
- What’s the Best Type of Fish for Cats?
- Can Cats Eat Salmon?
- Is Tuna Bad for Cats?
- Can Cats Eat Raw Fish?
- Can Cats Eat Fish Bones?
- Is it Safe to Give My Cat Canned Fish?
- Can Cats Eat Fish Oil?
- Can Cats Eat Fish Every Day?
- How Much Fish Can I Give My Cat?
Can Cats Eat Fish?
Yes, cats can eat fish. In addition to their regular food, fish is a great source of protein for cats. However, it must be combined with their regular food so that they get complete nutrition.
Canned fish is high in sodium, which can be harmful to cats if they eat too much of it. It’s important to look for canned fish that is labeled “low sodium” or “no salt added.”
Fresh fish is the best option for cats, but it must be cooked properly. Raw fish can contain bacteria that can make your cat sick though you can feed raw fish to your cat if you freeze it for 24 hours first to kill the bacteria.
When feeding your cat fish, be sure to remove the bones and possibly the skin. Fishbones can splinter and cause digestive problems or even puncture your cat’s intestines. As for the skin, it can be high in fats but is generally OK.
Do Cats Eat Fish in The Wild?
No, very few cats in the wild catch fish. Domestic cats, however, are often fed fish as part of their diet.
Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning that they require animal protein to survive. Cats in the wild get most of their protein from small prey–like mice or birds. Fish make up a very small percentage of their overall diet.
The domestication of cats has led to them being fed more fish than they would ordinarily eat in the wild, which is why so many domestic cats love to eat fish.
Benefits of Fish for Cats
Fish is a great source of protein for cats. It’s also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which have numerous health benefits.
Omega-3s can help to improve your cat’s skin and coat, reduce inflammation, and keep their joints healthy. They can also boost cognitive function and help to prevent certain diseases.
While most cats can benefit from eating fish, it’s especially important for senior cats and those with certain health conditions.
Risks of Fish for Cats
There are a few types of fish and fish parts that can be harmful to cats. These include:
- Fish Bones: Fishbones can splinter and cause digestive problems or even puncture your cat’s intestines.
- Raw Fish: Raw fish can contain bacteria that can make your cat sick.
- Canned Fish: Canned fish is high in sodium, which can be harmful to cats if they eat too much of it.
- Fish Skin: Fish skin can be high in fats and should be avoided.
- Tuna: Tuna is high in mercury, which can be toxic to cats. It’s best to avoid feeding tuna to your cat altogether. If you do feed them tuna, make sure it’s canned tuna in water and only give them a small amount as an occasional treat.
- Salmon: Salmon can contain worms and parasites which can be harmful or fatal to cats. It’s important to cook or freeze salmon properly before feeding it to your cat to kill any parasites that may be present.
- Other fish: Some other types of fish that can be harmful to cats include swordfish, sharks, and other fish higher up the food chain. These fish can contain high levels of mercury or other toxins that can be dangerous for your cat.
Hyperthyroidism in Cats Due to Fish
There is a condition called hyperthyroidism that has been linked to the feeding of certain types of fish flavoring to cats (source). Hyperthyroidism in cats causes an overproduction of thyroid hormone, which can lead to several health problems.
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism in cats include weight loss, higher metabolism, increased appetite, increased thirst and urination, restlessness, and more. Even though their hungrier, the increased metabolism causes them to lose weight.
The study didn’t blame specific flavors but rather found a link between cats that preferred fish flavors and increases in hyperthyroidism. Preferred is the operative word here. It could be something other than the flavor entirely that causes it.
Fish in Commercial Cat Foods
Cats love the taste of fish, so it’s not surprising that many commercial cat foods contain fish. Many wet cat foods are flavored with fish.
While there are some benefits to feeding your cat fish-based cat food, there are also some risks. The main risk is mercury contamination.
Most commercial cat foods that contain fish don’t use the highest quality fish. They use fish parts that weren’t suitable for human consumption.
By itself, this isn’t a problem as commercial cat food has been pasteurized to be safe. Just be mindful of cat food with any fish that might pose a mercury risk like tuna.
Microplastics in Fish
Microplastics are tiny pieces of plastic that end up in the ocean. They come from a variety of sources, including microbeads found in some personal care products and the breakdown of larger pieces of plastic trash.
These microplastics can be ingested by fish and other marine animals. There is some evidence that they can also accumulate in fish higher up the food chain.
Internally consumed microplastics can induce genetic damage, infertility, obesity, and cancer in humans (source).
While there is no evidence that microplastics are harmful to cats at this time, it’s something to be aware of if you’re feeding your fish to your cat.
Fish Allergies in Cats
While not as common as other allergies, some cats can be allergic to fish. The most common symptoms of a fish allergy in cats are itching, redness, and swelling; and excessive licking or scratching. If your cat is having any of these symptoms, it’s important to take them to the vet.
What’s the Best Type of Fish for Cats?
If you’re going to feed your cat fish, the best type of fish is wild-caught and fresh (or frozen). Salmon, sardines, and herring are all good choices of fish for cats.
Low-sodium canned fish in the water is good as well.
Avoid tuna fresh, canned, or frozen as it contains higher mercury levels. The same is true for sharks and other fish higher up the food chain.
Can Cats Eat Salmon?
Yes, cats can eat salmon. Salmon is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. It’s also low in mercury.
When feeding salmon to your cat, make sure it’s cooked properly. Salmon can contain bacteria or worms that can make both you and your cat sick.
It’s also important to remove the bones before feeding salmon to your cat. Salmon bones can splinter and cause an obstruction or perforation in your cat’s digestive tract.
Is Tuna Bad for Cats?
Tuna has a lot more mercury than other fish, so it’s not advised to give your cat this. Even for people, we’re advised to eat no more than one can of tuna per week per adult.
Cats are 1/15th the size of a typical human so their recommended tuna would be 1/15th of a can per week which is a bit ridiculous to even attempt. Another way to view this is to give them a bit of tuna every 15 weeks (3-4 months) max.
If you choose to feed tuna to your cat, make sure it’s low-sodium canned tuna in water and that you remove the bones before feeding it to your cat and do so very sparingly.
Can Cats Eat Raw Fish?
Yes but raw fish can contain harmful worms, eggs, or parasites and should be frozen for at least 24 hours before serving.
Freezing kills worms and worm eggs but doesn’t kill other pathogens like bacteria. So, it’s important to cook the fish properly before feeding it to your cat.
Sushi or raw fish sold in the US must be frozen to kill parasites according to FDA Food Code (3-402.11-12) (source).
Can Cats Eat Fish Bones?
No. Fish bones can splinter and cause an obstruction or perforation in your cat’s digestive tract.
Is it Safe to Give My Cat Canned Fish?
Only if you give low-sodium canned fish that isn’t oil-based or from a high mercury fish like tuna.
Canned fish packed in oil contains more calories which if eaten regularly can cause pancreatitis or obesity and other related problems in cats.
Can Cats Eat Fish Oil?
Yes, cats can eat fish oil. Fish oil is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids. There isn’t a need to give your cat fish oil as they will get all the nutrients they need from a regular wet and/or dry cat food diet.
Can Cats Eat Fish Every Day?
Feeding your cat fish every day isn’t necessary and could lead to health problems down the road.
A good rule of thumb is to feed your cat fish once or twice a week at most and stick to their normal cat food the rest of the time.
How Much Fish Can I Give My Cat?
The amount of fish you feed your cat will depend on their age, weight, and activity level.
A 10 lb cat needs approximately 200-250 calories per day. One ounce of salmon contains about 59-60 calories and one can of wet cat food is about 250 calories. Therefore, your cat could eat up to an ounce of salmon a day along with a half to 2/3 of a can of wet cat food.
Cats can eat fish but there are some things you need to keep in mind. Feed them fish no more than once or twice a week, remove the bones, and cook the fish properly. It’s also important to avoid giving your cat tuna as it contains high mercury levels.