It is best to make sure that a large portion of your chihuahua’s food includes meat, as they need the nutrients in it to stay healthy and strong. Chihuahuas can and should also eat different kinds of foods, including meat, grains, vegetables, and some fruits.
Chihuahuas and other dogs are related to wolves. In nature, wolves primarily eat meat, but they also can eat plant-based items for added nutrients. Because of this, dogs also need a balanced diet that includes hearty amounts of meat, but also vegetables, fruits, and grains.
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Are Dogs Carnivores or Omnivores?
According to the National Research Council of the National Academies, dogs are omnivores. Being omnivores means dogs can eat all kinds of food, including meat, grain, vegetables, and fruits.
Recently, many veterinarians are suggesting that dogs are carnivores. However, dogs can and still do eat many different foods.
For this reason, the common consensus is that dogs are omnivores but that a majority of the food they consume should be meat-based to keep them happy and healthy.
What Fruits Can Dogs Eat?
Fruits can give your dog valuable nutrients, but not all fruits are safe for dogs to eat. Some contain compounds that can be dangerous for a dog to consume. Keep in mind that some of these fruits are high in sugar and should be used more as a treat, rather than a regular part of your dog’s diet.
Fruits that are safe and healthy for dogs to eat are:
What Fruits Can Dogs Not Eat?
While many fruits are a great supplement for dogs to help ensure that they are getting all of the vitamins and minerals they need, some contain compounds that are unhealthy or toxic for dogs to eat. Dogs should never eat those fruits. If your dog accidentally consumes these fruits, you should contact a veterinarian as soon as possible.
- Tomatoes (particularly unripened tomatoes)
- Apple seeds- Apples themselves are fine, but be sure to remove the seeds
- Peach stones- Peaches are safe for dogs, but the stones of many fruits like peaches and cherries can be toxic for dogs, so always remove the stone before giving these fruits to your pooch.
What Vegetables Can Dogs Eat?
Vegetables are also crucial for a dog’s diet. They are great to add to the meat that your dog already needs to eat. The following list includes vegetables that are generally, in safe quantities, beneficial for dogs to consume.
- Broccoli- Broccoli should only be given in small quantities to dogs.
- Brussels Sprouts
- Green Beans
What Vegetables Can Dogs Not Eat?
Vegetables tend to contain less sugar than fruits, which can make them easier and safer to give to dogs. However, there are still some vegetables that are unsafe for dogs to eat. Many of those vegetables are:
- Asparagus- Asparagus is not toxic for dogs, but it contains no nutritional value for them.
- Wild Mushrooms
Can Chihuahuas Drink Milk?
Chihuahuas can drink milk, in appropriate quantities. Milk should only be given in moderation, as overindulging could give your dog an upset stomach. Keep in mind, also, that just like humans, some dogs may be lactose intolerant. You should consult with your veterinarian before making changes to your chihuahua’s diet.
Can Chihuahuas Eat Cheese?
As long as your chihuahua is not lactose intolerant, they can eat cheese. Many trainers use small pieces of cheese as rewards when training dogs.
Because large amounts of dairy can give your dog an upset stomach, chihuahuas should be given cheese in moderate portions. Remember that chihuahuas are small, so they cannot eat as much cheese as a larger dog can.
Can Chihuahuas Eat Eggs?
Dogs can eat eggs. Eggs are a good source of protein for dogs, especially dogs that are picky about which meat they will eat. It is best to cook the eggs before giving them to your dog to ensure they do not make your chihuahua sick.
Most dogs do not care how eggs are prepared, so you can cook them scrambled, poached, over-easy, or sunny-side up. Just make sure the egg is properly cooked. Do not add seasoning or oil, though, as cooking with oil and many of the seasonings we use for humans can make dogs sick.
How Much Should a Chihuahua Eat?
Chihuahuas are small dogs that do not need a lot of food to sustain them. Most chihuahuas need between ½ cup and 1 1/3 cup of food per day.
You should make sure that your chihuahua is getting a balanced diet. That means that even though your dog may like fresh chicken, you should not only feed it grilled chicken. Make sure that your dog is also getting vital nutrients from fruits, grains, and vegetables. Many of these can be found in dog foods, but not every dry dog food is comprehensive and balanced.
Check the label of ingredients on your dog food to make sure your dog is getting enough food. You can also supplement with a food you cook on your own. When cooking for a dog, though, do not season the food and do not cook with too much oil, as many of those ingredients can upset a dog’s stomach.
Chihuahuas also need to be fed in small portions. Small portions mean they won’t overfill their stomachs. When buying kibble, make sure the pieces are small enough for your chihuahua to chew and swallow.
How Often Should a Chihuahua Eat?
Splitting the total amount that you feed your dog into a couple of feedings throughout the day can be a good way to prevent begging. Starting with two feedings a day (meaning half of the daily food intake in the morning, and half in the evening) can be a good way to feed your dog.
For example, if your chihuahua eats ½ cup of food per day, you could give your chihuahua ¼ cup of food in the morning and ¼ cup of food in the evening.