How Does a Dog DNA Test Work? 

Do you have a rescue or a mixed breed dog? Then you’re probably wondering about the family which your buddy descends from.

Mix breeding can totally change the way your dog looks and behaves. Through doing the test, you can know a lot of facts that help you connect with your dog.

If you’re interested in checking the background and history of your dog. Then read along to find how does dog DNA test work?!

How Will the DNA Test Benefit Me & My Dog?

By knowing the dominant breed, you can improve your dog’s wellbeing, as the vet can give you more information about the health status of your pet.

It can also help the vet to recognize the potential diseases related to your dog breeds. For instance, some breeds tend to be healthier and live longer than other breeds.

Besides the above facts, a DNA test can help you in establishing a better connection with your dog. When you learn more about the breeds related to your dog, you’ll understand its characteristics, and you’ll be able to train him in a much better way.

Breeding affects the personality and the behaviors of dogs. So, by knowing more about the origin of his characteristics. You’ll be able to understand him and communicate with him more efficiently.

Summing up the benefits of a DNA test:

  • You can predict the potential health risks of the breed.
  • You’ll know the genetic markers found in the breed.
  • You’ll understand the behavior and characteristics of the breed.
  • It’ll Improve your communication with your dog.

How do Dog DNA Tests Work?

Testing your dog DNA can be done using a blood sample. Or through a cheek-swab sample. While blood testing sounds more guaranteed, it’s a bit more exhausting and complex. It must be carried by a professional health-care person. It also involves using needles, which is scary for your dog.

Using DNA test kits is becoming increasingly popular. It makes the process much easier for both you and your dog.

The test is based on a cell swab from the inner side of your dog’s cheek. It provides accurate results and takes around the same time to be identified.

Before Testing

The test kit can be ordered online or purchased through pet supply shops. It takes less than a minute to finish. You’ll find all the tools you need in the box. You can use the same box for sending the sample by mail. Collecting the swab sample is quick and easy.

The results will either be sent back to you through the mail. Otherwise, you might be asked to sign up on the company website to receive the results online. The results include the dog’s breed types. Plus, the expected attachments according to the kit.

These attachments usually consist of a breed’s possible health risks, genetic markers, and characteristics. Before buying the DNA test toolkit, make sure it offers the information you’re looking for.

Try to go for reputable companies that have trusted products. Also, check the level of accuracy they promise. And the duration they’ll take for sending back the results.

There are a couple of things you should avoid, before doing the DNA swab test. You shouldn’t offer your dog food and drink. Or let him come across other pets, especially other dogs. At least two hours prior to the test. This way you’ll avoid contaminating the swab sample. And messing the test results.

To summarize:

  • Don’t let him eat.
  • Don’t let him drink.
  • Don’t let him come near other pets.

Kit Tools & Testing Process

The components of the Kit vary according to the selling company. For example, some companies offer you social benefits. As they allow you to connect with other users, who have similar breeds.

Other companies offer you interesting and helpful facts about the breed. Like weight and length prediction, and personality traits of your dog breed. The kit consists of cheek swabbing tools, and a small manual to guide you with how to use them.

The process is pretty simple. You’re supposed to use one of the tools attached, in swabbing your dog’s cheeks. You should hold on the swab for not less than 30 seconds. This is to guarantee accurate results.

Then, you should place the sample in the test tube, and mail it to the lab. Like us, dogs don’t like the feeling of an alien object inside their mouth. Your dog might resist you and try to move away.

Make sure you hold a firm, yet a gentle grip of your dog while swabbing. Distracting him with a cute online video can help you avoid the hassle of losing control.

After Testing

Receiving back the results from the testing company can take from two to six weeks.

The more breed mixture found in your dog. The more complicated the process will be. Which might require some extra time.

If your dog comes from purebred ancestors, the results will be highly accurate. However, the results may be affected, if many of the dog ancestors were a mixed breed.

When you receive the test results, you might come across the breed possible health risk document. Don’t be overwhelmed or stressed out when reading this document. These diseases and illnesses are related to breeds. They won’t necessarily happen to your dog.

Are Dog DNA Tests Results Accurate?

The test result’s accuracy depends on some variables. As mentioned before, the more mixed breeds there are in your dog’s family, the less accurate the test results will be.

In addition to that, the testing company can’t have access to every breed existing on earth. The seller company usually indicates the number of breeds it can identify.

This means that the results might not be 100% accurate. However, it still won’t harm to do it, to predict the characteristics and the physical health of your dog.

Wrap Up

If you were wondering how does dog DNA test works? There you have it. In full detail!

Doing a genetic test for your dog isn’t just a matter of curiosity anymore. It’s essential to enhance the relationship between both of you.

Knowing the background he came from, will make you realize new and amazing things about him. You’ll be able to recognize what interests him and develop a healthy lifestyle depending on his breed.